Fibroid SymptomsFibroid-Symptoms-Image

Although most uterine fibroids are asymptomatic and often discovered during regular gynecological checkups, fibroids can sometimes cause noticeable symptoms. Most fibroid symptoms are caused by the compression of organs, nerves, and other structures surrounding the uterus. It's important to identify these symptoms early, as fibroids themselves are benign and not difficult to treat.

Pain and Pressure Fibroid Symptoms

  • Chronic pelvic pressure or pain – fibroids can cause a lingering feeling of pain and discomfort. Compression of nerves can exacerbate the pain and cause additional pain in the lower back and sides.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse – while the cause is not limited to only fibroids, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse can be caused by fibroids.
  •  Abdominal pain – fibroids located in the upper part of the uterus can sometimes extend up into the abdomen, causing pain and pressure. Particularly large fibroids can also distend the abdomen, similar to the early stages of pregnancy.
  • Difficult and painful bowel movements – if fibroids compress the rectum, they can cause pain during bowel movements and constipation. The constant pressure can also lead women to feel perpetually bloated.

Menstrual Fibroid Symptoms

  • Abnormal bleeding – fibroids often cause irregularities in menstrual bleeding. Heavy bleeding and bleeding for longer than normal are fairly common fibroid symptoms, and prolonged heavy bleeding can cause anemia. Fibroids can also sometimes lead to spotting or bleeding between periods.
  • Painful periods – fibroids may increase the likelihood of getting painful menstrual cramps.

Urinary Fibroid Symptoms

  • Frequent urination – if fibroids compress the bladder, this will effectively decrease its capacity, leading to more frequent and sometimes painful urination. In some cases, this can also cause incontinence.

Rare Fibroid Symptoms

  • Decreased fertility and miscarriage – the presence of fibroids can sometimes make it more difficult to conceive.
  • Kidney blockage – very rarely, fibroids can compress the ureter leading from the kidney to the bladder.

When to See a Doctor

While fibroid symptoms can have other causes and fibroids are often screened during yearly gynecological exams, it's important to see a doctor if any of the following symptoms are noticed:

  • Heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Painful periods
  • Change in the length of your menstrual cycle
  • Frequent urination, painful urination, or difficulty controlling the flow of urine
  • Persistent pain, pressure, or bloatedness in the lower abdomen

Patient Information

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